Clays Used in the Ceramics Industry

In this section, clays are categorized based on how they are used in the ceramics indus­try. The two major types of ceramic clays are china clay and ball clay. Other materials of note include fire clays, bentonite, and talc. Less refractory materials including those classified as shales and stoneware clays are also of interest. The composition, important properties, and uses for these types of clays are discussed in this section.