Construction Practices

1. It is good practice to minimize cutting formwork material to suit the wall size. Plywood, studs, and wales may be extended beyond the size of the wall and concreting is stopped at the appropriate size. For example, the draw­ings may call for a wall to be 11 ft (3.35 m) high. Plywood and studs can be extended to 12 ft (3.66 m) high and concreting can be stopped when it reaches 11 ft (3.35 m) high.

2. In long studs or wales where more than one piece is needed, joists between different pieces should be stag­gered to avoid creating a plane of weakness.

3. When placing concrete for tall columns, it is recom­mended to have pockets or windows at mid-height or other intervals to facilitate placing and vibrating the con­crete.