Form Placement

The placement of the tunnel forms on the slab is done by crane. Once on top of the slab, the forms are rolled into place and set tightly against the starter wall. Hydraulic jacks attached to the form are then used to lift the forms to the proper elevation, usually 2 to 4 in. (50.8 to 101.6 mm) above the slab. Once these are in place, a precast concrete starter block is placed between the tops of the wall forms to provide proper wall thickness, set the slab depth and support the forms for the next starter wall. Form ties are attached at this time along with blockouts in the slab area for plumbing raceways, air-conditioning ducts, and other building ser­vices (Figure 4.10).