The Direct-Order Tender
This type is usually rolled out to deal with one of two situations:
• the emergence of very urgent issues that cannot wait for completion of a more normal bidding procedure; or
• the circumstance of being compelled to fulfil a requirement through a sole vendor. This arises frequently within industrial projects, when a specialized engineering study is required that only one company may be in a position to provide. An agreement is made directly with the monopoly service provider, and further price negotiation is rare.