From history of art molding

The history of development of the art molding, popular to us on archeological excavations, reflects social tendencies, including structure of the found exhibits: the most part from them – either jeweler scenery, or religious attributes. This testimony of applied value of the technology of art molding. The most part of the starenky finds executed in equipment of molding, it is made of native metals – copper and gold. It is connected with that nuggets are much simpler for extracting, also with low temperature of melting of these metals. The blacksmithing level of development in the Middle Ages and new time was low, smithies and their equipment – are ordinary, therefore processing of metals with more high temperature of melting was considerably complicated. On time of creation by art products scientists consider as the most raneshny sculptural images of animals and the people hunting and rituals, house and ritual utensils, jewels, and, among the rest, steel plates for the letter and a sign were which main plots.

Development of molding practically did not exchange since ancient times up to now. The metal melted to a liquid state joins a refractory form from a natural material (clay or a stone). After preparation cools down directly in shape, it take and lead up to a final condition of a finished product in the way of polishing and polishing by means of special means. Times molding subject besides forging, in particular when manufacturing the cold tool. The ready polished molding can be processed: to engrave, poison, etc.

In our country emergence of technology of art molding is designated by the finds relating to division of lands on separate principalities. Masters who mastered molding in perfection, were esteemed highly and had the high income and weight in society. The beginning of blossoming of art molding connect with acceptance in Russia of orthodox belief when the church became the main customer and the consumer of the products executed in equipment of molding. The church attributes – ritual vessels, bells, crosses worn on the neck, etc. – became necessary in a large number and were the main income item of master founders. Naturally, jump of demand for products of art molding led to technology improvement: wax models of future molding round which forms were created, allowed to raise a detalizirovannost of final products. Framework, steel salaries, censers, art metal wares, awards and awards, jewels – all this and practically all another is brought together in the Russian and zabugorny museums as models of the Russian foundry trade. Pride of the Russian masters – the Ural molding, known to the world under an imenovaniye kaslinsky.

But, despite preservation of procedure and molding recipes for a long time, modern masters introduce a fresh stream in the art: every day serves development of new technologies, there are new tendencies, styles and a compounding. The fashion on antiques and its imitation in a modern interior appeared in the Russian Federation for a long time, and at present the master founder by your order can artificially "make old" a cast product, having achieved emergence on a patina surface, etc.